Maintain Your Buffer
Prior to planting, site planning and preparation is necessary. After planting, good maintenance means greater tree survival. Grazing by deer and livestock can be a common problem for newly-planted trees as is competition by undesirable plants. A combination of mowing, herbicide and tree tubes are often essential to establish hardwood plantings in the mid-Atlantic region. Three to five years of follow-up care may be necessary.
Chesapeake Bay Riparian Handbook: A Guide for Establishing and Maintaining Riparian Forest Buffers
Maryland DNR Riparian Forest Buffer Design and Maintenance Handbook